Recovery Resources

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This is a report from Shatterproof that discusses opioid use disorder (OUD) stigma and how it has exacerbated the opioid crisis. Types of stigma are highlighted as well as factors from other successful stigma campaigns (e.g. HIV, mental health). Evidence-informed interventions are presented with a focus on what Shatterproof plans to do to reduce OUD stigma. 

Response Approach
  • Educational
  • Medications for Opioid Use Disorder
Stakeholders
  • Addiction Treatment Providers
  • Advocates / Peers
  • Community Coalitions
  • Community Health Officials
  • Criminal Justice
  • Employers
  • First Responders
  • Harm Reduction Specialists
  • Health Insurers
  • Hospitals
  • Law Enforcement
  • Medical
  • Pharmacies
  • Policymakers

This is a joint report by the National League of Cities and the National Association of Counties that is targeted to local leaders as well as state and federal officials, and which provides recommendations for solutions on the entire continuum of care.

Response Approach
  • Comprehensive services
  • Diversion
  • Early Intervention
  • Educational
  • Medications for Opioid Use Disorder
  • Outreach
  • Overdose prevention
  • Syringe service program / Needle exchange
Stakeholders
  • Community Health Officials
  • Criminal Justice
  • Health Insurers
  • Law Enforcement
  • Policymakers

Framing the opioid crisis from a public health perspective requires considering the interaction of multiple determinants, including structural factors (eg, poverty and racism), the inadequate management of pain, and poor access to addiction treatment and harm-reduction services (eg, syringe services). 

This novel ecological framework for harmful opioid use provides multiple recommendations to improve public health and clinical practice, including improved data collection to guide resource allocation, steps to increase safer prescribing, stigma-reduction campaigns, increased spending on harm reduction and treatment, criminal justice policy reform, and regulatory changes related to controlled substances.

Response Approach
  • Cautious Opioid Prescribing
  • Medications for Opioid Use Disorder
  • Overdose prevention
Stakeholders
  • Community Coalitions
  • Community Health Officials
  • Criminal Justice
  • Harm Reduction Specialists
  • Law Enforcement
  • Policymakers
Peer-reviewed Article

This is a peer-reviewed article on an observational intervention study of Project Lazarus, which is a community-based response to overdose deaths implemented in 74 of 100 North Carolina counties.

Response Approach
  • Cautious Opioid Prescribing
  • Early Intervention
  • Medications for Opioid Use Disorder
  • Overdose prevention
Stakeholders
  • Advocates / Peers
  • Community Coalitions
  • Community Health Officials
  • Criminal Justice
  • Harm Reduction Specialists
  • Hospitals
  • Law Enforcement
  • Medical
  • Policymakers
Peer-reviewed Article

toolkit from the City of Boston's Office of Recovery Services, directed towards a city-level response to substance misuse, that summarizes multifaceted strategies. It offers a guide for how to talk about substance use, an overview of the treatment system, and types of partnerships and policies that may strengthen a city’s response to this crisis.

Response Approach
  • Diversion
  • Medications for Opioid Use Disorder
  • Overdose prevention
  • Recovery coaching
  • Syringe service program / Needle exchange
Stakeholders
  • Community Coalitions
  • Community Health Officials
  • First Responders
  • Policymakers

This is an academic paper that gives an overview of a program where peer recovery coaching is delivered to a low-income, minority population in an urban area. This qualitative study determined that the described intervention is feasible to implement. 

Response Approach
  • Recovery coaching
Stakeholders
  • Addiction Treatment Providers
  • Community Health Officials
  • Harm Reduction Specialists
  • Medical
  • Policymakers
Peer-reviewed Article

This is a report from Shatterproof that provides guidance, research, and rationale on the types of language used to describe addiction and addiction-related terms that can reduce stigma.  

Response Approach
  • Educational
Stakeholders
  • Addiction Treatment Providers
  • Advocates / Peers
  • Community Coalitions
  • Community Health Officials
  • Criminal Justice
  • Employers
  • First Responders
  • Harm Reduction Specialists
  • Health Insurers
  • Hospitals
  • Law Enforcement
  • Medical
  • Pharmacies
  • Policymakers

This is a website funded by SAMHSA, entitled "Taking Action Against Opioid Misuse", that provides resources, such as educational packages and trainings, for professionals in treatment and recovery services. 

Response Approach
  • Educational
  • Medications for Opioid Use Disorder
  • Recovery coaching
Stakeholders
  • Addiction Treatment Providers
  • Advocates / Peers
  • Medical

This is an academic article that gives an overview of the barriers to implementing evidence-based interventions to address the opioid crisis and how the HEALing Communities Study, a multi-year initiative, aims to overcome these barriers through cautious opioid prescribing, expanding medications for opioid use disorder, increasing access to naloxone, and leveraging community collaboration. 

Response Approach
  • Cautious Opioid Prescribing
  • Medications for Opioid Use Disorder
  • Overdose prevention
Stakeholders
  • Community Coalitions
  • Community Health Officials
  • Harm Reduction Specialists
  • Policymakers
Peer-reviewed Article

This is a brief from the Flex Monitoring Team (authors Gale et al.) that highlights examples of strategies adopted by rural critical access hospitals (CAHs) to combat opioid use in their communities and identifies resources that rural communities can use to support CAHs in their efforts with this challenging public health issue.

Response Approach
  • Cautious Opioid Prescribing
  • Medications for Opioid Use Disorder
  • Recovery coaching
Stakeholders
  • Community Coalitions
  • Community Health Officials
  • Health Insurers
  • Hospitals
  • Policymakers

This is an issue brief from the Brandeis Opioid Resource Connector that examines the role of social determinants of health (SDoH) in the opioid crisis and how addressing them might improve health outcomes. It focuses on three central domains of SDoH, employment, housing, and education, and highlights promising program models in each domain as implemented by communities in the United States.

Response Approach
  • Housing, Education, and Employment
Stakeholders
  • Addiction Treatment Providers
  • Advocates / Peers
  • Community Health Officials
  • Criminal Justice
  • Employers
  • First Responders
  • Harm Reduction Specialists
  • Health Insurers
  • Hospitals
  • Law Enforcement
  • Medical
  • Pharmacies
  • Policymakers

This is a report from SAMHSA that provides individuals who provide or coordinate reentry services for women involved in the criminal justice system with resources for serving women who are reentering the community after a period of incarceration. The guide is presented in a checklist format and includes links to helpful resources. 

Response Approach
  • Educational
  • Housing, Education, and Employment
Stakeholders
  • Community Coalitions
  • Criminal Justice
  • Law Enforcement
  • Policymakers