This is a systematic review to highlight the state of knowledge around rural medication treatment for opioid use disorder, identify consumer- and provider-focused treatment barriers, and discuss rural-specific implications. Its findings consistently identify a lack of medication providers and rural-specific implementation challenges.
This review also highlights a lack of rural-focused studies involving consumer participants, treatment outcomes, or barriers impacting underserved populations. There is a need for innovative treatment delivery for opioid use disorder in rural communities and interventions targeting provider attitudes.
Lister, J.J., Weaver, A., Ellis, J.D., Himle, J.A., Ledgerwood, D.M. (2019). A Systematic Review of Rural-Specific Barriers to Medication Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder in the United States. The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 1-16. DOI: 10.1080/00952990.2019.1694536