This study examined the state of the literature on the effectiveness of medications for opioid use disorder (MOUD) delivered in prisons and jails on community substance use treatment engagement, opioid use, recidivism, and health risk behaviors following release from incarceration.
The results obtained provide the first meta-analytic summary of MOUD (methadone, buprenorphine, and naltrexone) delivered in correctional settings and support the use of MOUD.
Moore, K. E., Roberts, W., Reid, H. H., Smith, K. M. Z., Oberleitner, L. M. S., & McKee, S. A. (2019). Effectiveness of medication assisted treatment for opioid use in prison and jail settings: A meta-analysis and systematic review. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 99, 32–43. doi:10.1016/j.jsat.2018.12.003